Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the Inconel718 powder.
The main alloying elements are copper, chromium, and molybdenum. It has good comprehensive performance and can resist various acid corrosion and stress corrosion. The earliest application (produced in the United States in 1905) is nickel-copper (Ni-Cu) alloy, also known as Monel (Monel alloy Ni 70 Cu30); in addition, there is nickel-chromium (Ni-Cr) alloy (nickel-based heat-resistant alloy) , The heat-resistant corrosion-resistant alloy in the corrosion-resistant alloy), nickel-molybdenum (Ni-Mo) alloy (mainly refers to Hastelloy B series, nickel-chromium-molybdenum (Ni-Cr-Mo) alloy (mainly refers to Hastelloy C series) At the same time, pure nickel is also a typical representative of nickel-based corrosion-resistant alloys. These nickel-based corrosion-resistant alloys are mainly used in the manufacture of various corrosion-resistant environmental components such as petroleum, chemical, and electric power.
Category Nickel-based corrosion resistant alloys mostly have austenitic structure. In the state of solid solution and aging treatment, there are also intermetallic phases and metal carbonitrides on the austenite matrix and grain boundaries of the alloy. Various corrosion-resistant alloys are classified according to their composition and their characteristics are as follows:
The corrosion resistance of Ni-Cu alloy is better than that of nickel in reducing media, and the corrosion resistance of oxidizing media is better than that of copper. It is resistant to high temperature fluorine gas, hydrogen fluoride and hydrogen fluoride in the absence of oxygen and oxidants. The best material for acid (see metal corrosion).
Ni-Cr alloy is also a nickel-based heat-resistant alloy; it is mainly used under oxidizing medium conditions. It is resistant to high temperature oxidation and corrosion by gases containing sulfur and vanadium, and its corrosion resistance increases with the increase of chromium content. This type of alloy also has better resistance to hydroxide (such as NaOH, KOH) corrosion and stress corrosion resistance.
Ni-Mo alloy is mainly used under the conditions of reducing media corrosion. It is the best alloy resistant to hydrochloric acid corrosion, but in the presence of oxygen and oxidants, the corrosion resistance will be significantly reduced.
Ni-Cr-Mo(W) alloy combines the properties of the above-mentioned Ni-Cr alloy and Ni-Mo alloy. It is mainly used under the conditions of oxidation-reduction mixed media. This type of alloy has good corrosion resistance in high-temperature hydrogen fluoride, in hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid solutions containing oxygen and oxidants, and in wet chlorine at room temperature.
Ni-Cr-Mo-Cu alloy has the ability to resist both nitric acid and sulfuric acid corrosion. It also has good corrosion resistance in some oxidation-reduction mixed acids.
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Russia is a major supplier of industrial metals such as nickel, aluminium and palladium. Russia and Ukraine are both major wheat exporters, and Russia and Belarus produce large amounts of potash, an input to fertiliser. The price and market of the Inconel718 powder will fluctuate under its influence. Prices of these goods have been rising since 2022 and are now likely to rise further because of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Russia is a major supplier of industrial metals such as nickel, aluminium and palladium. Russia and Ukraine are both major wheat exporters, and Russia and Belarus produce large amounts of potash, an input to fertiliser. The price and market of the Inconel718 powder will fluctuate under its influence. Prices of these goods have been rising since 2022 and are now likely to rise further because of the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
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