What is GH3536 Superalloy (Hastelloy X alloy)
Russia's insistence on paying for Russian gas in rubles has rattled European countries: Greece held an emergency meeting of suppliers, the Dutch government would urge consumers to use less gas, and the French energy regulator told consumers not to panic. Russian gas meets one-third of Europe's annual energy needs.
Russia said they could expand their demand for ruble payments for other commodities, including oil, grain, fertilizer, coal, and metals, which raised the risk of recession in Europe and the US.
Moscow is expected to unveil its ruble payment plan in early April, but it said it would not immediately ask buyers to pay for gas in rubles.
Western countries have said paying in rubles would be a breach of contract, and renegotiation could take months or longer. This uncertainty has pushed commodity market prices higher.
The supply and prices of other commodities like the Hastelloy X alloy could also be affected.
What is GH3536 superalloy (Hastelloy X alloy)
GH3536 (Hastelloy X alloy) is a nickel-based superalloy with high iron
content mainly solid solution strengthened by chromium and molybdenum. It has
good oxidation resistance and corrosion resistance, and has moderate durability
and creep below 900 ℃. Strength, cold and hot workability and good weldability.
Used in the manufacture of combustion chamber parts and other high-temperature
parts of aero-engines, long-term use below 900 °C, and short-term operating
temperature can reach 1080 °C. The main varieties supplied are plates, strips,
pipes, bars, forgings, rings and precision castings.
GH3536 (Hastelloy X alloy) process performance and requirements
GH3536 (Hastelloy X alloy) formability alloy has good cold and hot forming
properties. Forging heating temperature 1170℃±10℃, final forging temperature not
lower than 950℃; slab hot rolling heating temperature 1150℃±10℃, final rolling
temperature not lower than 850℃; ring hot rolling heating temperature 1170℃±10℃
GH3536 (Hastelloy X alloy) welding performance This alloy has good welding
process performance, and can be welded by argon arc welding, seam welding and
spot welding. HGH3536 or HGH3113 wire is recommended for argon arc welding.
The microstructure of the alloy in the solid solution state is an austenite
matrix with a small amount of TiN and M6C carbides. After long-term aging at
700～900℃, the main precipitation phases are M12C and M3B2, accompanied by trace
μ phase and L phase. After aging at 700℃ for 200h, a small amount of σ phase
appeared, but after aging at 800℃, the σ phase did not exist, and a small amount
of M23C6 was precipitated, and sometimes a small amount of L phase appeared.
Therefore, the alloy exhibits a certain degree of age hardening after long-term
aging, which reduces the plasticity and the high temperature strength.
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Europe has been facing the gas shortage problem since the second half of 2021. The worsening situation in Russia and Ukraine has reduced Russian gas shipments to Europe, leading to a doubling of European gas prices. Energy shortages have sent electricity prices soaring. For these reasons, it is predicted that the price of the Hastelloy X alloy will continue to increase.