Prices in the national electricity market averaged $87 per megawatt-hour in the first three months of the year, above the level promised by the federal government. Wholesale electricity prices for industry and large businesses have already exceeded the level promised by the federal government, adding another cost pressure to the economy. Prices in the national electricity market averaged $87 per megawatt-hour in the first three months of this year, up more than two-thirds from the December 2021 quarter, the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) said recently. That's up 141% from the March 2021 quarter.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk early strength agent,superplasticizer for concrete are still very uncertain.
Early strength admixture refers to the admixture that can improve the early strength of concrete and has no significant effect on the later strength.
Superplasticizer for concrete is a concrete admixture that can reduce the amount of mixing water while maintaining the slump of concrete basically unchanged.
Early-strength agents can be divided into three categories according to chemical composition: strong electrolyte inorganic salts, water-soluble organic compounds, and composite early-strength agents composed of organic and inorganic compounds.
Polycarboxylic superplasticizers are usually divided into: lignosulfonate superplasticizers, naphthalene superplasticizers, melamine superplasticizers, sulfamate superplasticizers, and fatty acid superplasticizers according to their chemical composition. Superplasticizers, polycarboxylate superplasticizers.
3 Main ingredients
In addition to chloride and sulfate, early strength agents include nitrite, chromate, etc., as well as organic substances such as triethanolamine, calcium formate, urea, etc.
Different types of superplasticizer for concrete have very different components. It is mainly a surfactant. Currently, the third-generation polycarboxylate superplasticizer is widely used.
The early strength agent does not contain chloride ions and has no rust effect on steel bars. It is suitable for all civil and industrial buildings, prestressed reinforced concrete components, mortar, etc. It is most suitable for construction under low temperature conditions in early winter and early spring. .
Water reducing agent is widely used in high-speed rail, high-speed, civil, industrial buildings and prefabricated component factories, etc. It has wide applicability and is suitable for all seasons.
The dosage of early strength agent is 3-6% of cement. In order to keep the quality of the concrete mixed with this agent uniform, the stirring time is prolonged by 1-2 minutes. Concrete mixed with early strength agent cannot use active mineral orthopedics (such as opal). If this agent is damp and agglomerated, it must be crushed or weathered before use, and its performance remains unchanged.
Because there are many types of superplasticizers, the appropriate type of superplasticizer should be selected according to the needs of the project. For winter construction, it is recommended to use the third-generation polycarboxylate superplasticizer.
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According to the bank of Spain's latest forecast data, the average inflation is expected to hit 7.6% in 2022, but the average wage increase for workers in this country is expected to be less than 4% in 2022.
If the Bank of Spain's forecast comes true, the gap between price and wage growth in Spain in a single year will be the largest since 1984.
Prices in Spain rose 9.8% year on year in March 2022 and average wages rose 2.4% year on year, with the Bank of Spain forecasting that the country's inflation rate will improve from July.
Recent changes in the international situation have had a big impact on commodity and energy prices. How the prices of the early strength agent,superplasticizer for concrete will develop in the future is still uncertain.
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